RSF condemns cancellation of Vanuatu newspaper editor’s work permit

first_img Organisation November 14, 2019 RSF condemns cancellation of Vanuatu newspaper editor’s work permit CanadaNew ZealandFijiSamoaTongaAmericasAsia – Pacific Media independence Judicial harassment Help by sharing this information 2011-2020: A study of journalist murders in Latin America confirms the importance of strengthening protection policies Dan McGarry has been working in Vanuatu for over 16 years (photo: David Robbie / Pacific Media Center). “I’m gutted, personally,” McGarry told RSF and its regional partner, the Pacific Media Center. “I’ve devoted 16 years of my life to this country’s development.” And he recently began the process of obtaining Vanuatuan citizenship. to go further May 13, 2021 Find out more Receive email alerts “Make no mistake, this work permit cancellation is just a way of punishing a journalist whose investigative reporting annoyed the government,” said Daniel Bastard, the head of RSF’s Asia-Pacific desk. “We call on Prime Minister Chariot Salwai to immediately reconsider a decision that is both mean and unjust. This crude violation of press freedom fuels grave concern about the situation throughout the Pacific region and must not serve as an example.” The media director of the Vanuatu Daily Post, Dan McGarry discovered on 7 November that the authorities had arbitrarily rejected his work permit renewal, brushing aside the fact that he has lived in this South Pacific archipelago for the past 16 years. News According to McGarry, everything began in July when his newspaper revealed that the authorities had detained six Chinese citizens and sent them back to China without a trial and without allowing them access to lawyers, although four of them had obtained Vanuatuan citizenship. CanadaNew ZealandFijiSamoaTongaAmericasAsia – Pacific Media independence Judicial harassment center_img News The government’s response came a few days later, McGarry says. “The Prime Minister summoned me and berated me for my ‘negative’ reporting. ‘If you don’t like it here,’ he told me, ‘go home’. But Vanuatu is my home.” The only reason given by the government was that another person would be “better qualified” to hold McGarry’s position although the privately-owned Vanuatu Daily Post does not have to account to the authorities for its choice of personnel. The press freedom situation in the Pacific is very disparate. Samoa, for example, is ranked 22nd out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2019 World Press Freedom Index, while Tonga is ranked 45th and Fiji 52nd. Follow the news on Americas Facebook’s Oversight Board is just a stopgap, regulation urgently needed, RSF says June 7, 2021 Find out more Reporters Without Borders (RSF) is appalled to learn that Dan McGarry, a Canadian who has run Vanuatu’s biggest newspaper for years, is threatened with expulsion for no good reason. RSF calls on the government to reconsider its disgraceful refusal to renew his work permit. WhatsApp blocks accounts of at least seven Gaza Strip journalists June 3, 2021 Find out more Reports News RSF_en last_img read more

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How tall trees move sugars

first_imgScientists have long assumed that the sugars that nourish trees are pushed by water pressure from the leaves where they are created to the stems and roots where they are needed.But how do taller trees accomplish that task, given the longer distances the nutrients must travel and the greater force that seems needed to transport them?A nine-member team of scientists, mostly from Harvard, discovered an answer with a recent study whose findings could also help end a longstanding debate over the dynamics involved in sugar transport in trees. The study, whose results are detailed in the Dec. 4 issue of the journal “Nature Plants,” determined that the hydraulic resistance to moving sugar-rich sap downward from the leaves does not increase with the height of the tree as much as would be expected, because of physical features in the transport system.They also found that “the pressures that develop in the leaves of a mature red oak tree are sufficient to drive transport of sugars all the way to the roots,” said Noel Michele Holbrook, a research team member who is a professor of biology and Charles Bullard Professor of Forestry in the Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology at Harvard.“We now have evidence that all plants — both small and tall — use the same mechanism to transport sugars,” Holbrook said. “And we now understand how trees can get tall without running into transport limitations associated with their size. Our research answers a multidecade debate about how sugars are transported in trees.”The study is an outgrowth of a collaboration begun in 2011 between Holbrook and Michael Knoblauch, a plant cell biologist from Washington State University. Knoblauch led the development of the instruments used in the research, while the measurements were largely done at Harvard.In addition to Holbrook and Knoblauch, the project’s main contributors were Jessica Savage, a former Harvard postdoctoral student and Putnam Fellow at the Arnold Arboretum who is now an assistant professor at the University of Minnesota, and Kaare Jensen, a former Harvard postdoctoral student who is now an associate professor at the Danish Technical University in Copenhagen.The research was conducted primarily at the Harvard Forest in Petersham, Mass., and at the Arnold Arboretum, much of it dating from Knoblauch’s stint as a Bullard Fellow at Harvard in 2013–14, according to Holbrook, who is on sabbatical at the University of Tasmania in Australia. Five other team members are current or former Ph.D. students or postdoctoral fellows at Harvard.“We wanted to understand how trees overcome the hydraulic penalty of increasing size, the simple fact that it should take more energy to transport materials over longer distances,” Holbrook said. The team also wanted to determine if trees use the same transport mechanisms that smaller plants do.Holbrook said that sugars generated in photosynthesis become concentrated in “phloem,” the plant tissue used to conduct them down from the tree canopy. The concentrated sugar draws in water by osmosis, building up positive turgor, or water pressure, within the cells. That in turn “drives the sugar-rich sap toward places where the sugars are being utilized.”“The problem is that models suggested the hydraulic resistance for the transport of phloem sap would require very large pressure gradients in tall trees,” she said. That prompted debates over “whether this mechanism was sufficient to account for phloem transport in those trees.” Some scientists have suggested mechanisms exist to add energy along the pathway.The research team took extensive measurements of the structure of the sugar-conducting tubes along the length of many trees, while also measuring the hydraulic resistance in these tubes.“To sample the phloem, one of the most delicate and easily wounded tissues in the plant, we had to cut away the outer bark. In the big stems, we did this using a hammer and a chisel, not tools that we typically use in the lab,” Holbrook said. The team also measured the pressures in the leaves of a tall tree by using a fluorescent microscope they hoisted up into the tree canopy.“We found that the resistance to moving the sugar-rich phloem sap does not increase linearly with the transport length because the phloem transport cells in the main stem, especially toward the base, were wider and longer and also had more porous ‘sieve plates,’” Holbrook said. “Thus, the pressures needed to drive phloem transport are much lower than had been predicted.”She said the study findings have important implications for food production.“The majority of food generated by photosynthesis moves through the phloem,” she said. “If there are ways to make plants more productive in terms of having higher photosynthesis, then they will also need the ability to transport those sugars to the tissues that we eat. Thus, understanding how plants make efficient transport systems could contribute toward the development of higher-yielding crops and more productive trees.”last_img read more

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Canada seeks to advance Guyana’s indigenous interests

first_imgOver 200 Toshaos from across Guyana last week benefited from a partnership between Canada’s provincial Government of Alberta and the Indigenous Peoples’ Affairs Ministry which sought to leverage developments in Canada’s aboriginal communities to advance Guyana’s indigenous interests.The partnership was organised by the High Commission of Canada in collaboration with the office of Valerie Garrido-Lowe, Minister within the Indigenous Peoples’ Affairs Ministry.The Canadian delegation comprised Directors of the Aboriginal Consultation Office in Alberta, Lawrence Aimoe and Robert Kopecky.Canada is world renowned for its progress in improving the social well-being and economic prosperity of its indigenous people, and has made several strides in securing their participation in shaping its political, social and economic development at community, provincial and national levels.The visiting delegation was present at the week-long Toshaos Conference which provided them with the opportunity to better understand the local context.Members of the delegation shared Canada’s aboriginal experience in managing natural resources for the advancement of such communities. The team also presented on legislative reforms that benefit aboriginal communities and associated consultation process with aboriginals.There was heightened interest over Canadian experiences in negotiating impact agreements with businesses seeking to invest in aboriginal jurisdictions.The presenters reflected on the role of subcontracting from industry to aboriginal businesses as an important mechanism to ensure benefits accrue to the community and to align the interests of all stakeholders.Such mechanisms help to secure a stable stream of benefits from businesses to the communities, while also allowing the active participation of communities in the environmental and social performance of the business ventures.The community-business partnership helps to build business acumen in aboriginal communities with little or no experience working with industries, and this allows for knowledge transfer from community to community.The Toshaos noted that they found the peer-to-peer knowledge exchange with the Canadian delegation to be an effective mechanism which would be instrumental in helping them to derive community-owned solutions for building viable businesses, environmental protection and sustainable livelihoods. They lauded the initiative as one that helped to bridge the traditional and contemporary aboriginal worlds.Canadian companies, such as Guyana Goldfields, which are working in the Guyanese market, have been working with indigenous communities on socio-economic initiatives through partnerships with community leaders and Government offices.last_img read more

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Half-time: Aston Villa 0 Chelsea 2

first_imgRuben Loftus-Cheek’s first Premier League goal and a penalty from Alexandre Pato on his long-awaited debut gave Chelsea a commanding lead at half-time.After a subdued opening 20 minutes, in which Chelsea were content to control possession, the visitors broke through at the end of a fine passing move.John Obi Mikel started it by upping the tempo, Pedro spread the ball wide for Cesar Azpilicueta and the Spaniard’s cross was turned in by Loftus-Cheek, via a deflection off Joleon Lescott.Pato, brought in in January on loan from Corinthians, had come on shortly before the first goal after Loic Remy went off injured.And he got his first goal from the spot in injury time, after being flattened by a falling Aly Cissokho in the box.Pedro had had Chelsea’s first chance of note, with a right-efforted that just cleared the angle of post and bar.Rock-bottom Villa were not cowed by the Blues, though, and Rudy Gestede and Carles Gil both forced Thibaut Courtois into saves.Jordan Ayew, the hosts’ stand-out player in the first half, then rolled a shot just wide of the post, while Loftus-Cheek did the same at the other end after robbing Idrissa Gueye.As well as Pato, Chelsea gave a debut to January signing Matt Miazga as part of a reshuffled back four, with John Terry and Gary Cahill both out.Aston Villa: Guzan; Hutton, Richards, Lescott, Cissokho; Sanchez, Westwood, Gueye; Gil, Gestede, Ayew.Subs: Bunn, Okore, Bacuna, Lyden, Veretout, Grealish, Sinclair.Chelsea: Courtois; Azpilicueta, Ivanovic, Miazga, Baba; Mikel, Fabregas; Pedro, Loftus-Cheek, Kenedy; Remy. Subs: Begovic, Clarke-Salter, Matic, Oscar, Traore, Pato, Falcao.Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

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Area land values continue to hold steady

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Farm land values in the region encompassing Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee continue to hold steady, despite a challenging ag economy.“In the 12-month time period between July 1, 2015 to June 30, 2016, the four-state region saw a collective average value increase of 0.18 percent,” said Dennis Badger, Vice President of Collateral Risk Management, Farm Credit Mid-America. “A gentle downward trend since the last reporting period of July 2014 to June 2015 was expected as the land value hikes from 2010 through 2012 continue to force market corrections and we believe our region continues to hold steady due to the diversity of the operations within the region.”These results affirm land values are starting to decline in response to lower commodity prices, but at a pace that is supportive of a soft landing in our markets. While Indiana experienced a decline in farm land values of approximately 6 percent, the overall average rate of change in our four-state territory experienced a minimal change of 0.2 percent, which is good news for the area.What can farmers do now that we have a clearer picture of the land values situation in our area?“Since land values are expected to decrease slightly in the next year but interest rates are expected to rise, now is the time negotiate cash rent or make an investment,” Badger said. “A good rule of thumb during an economic downturn is that if the investment looks solid despite current conditions, it will probably be a good long-term move.Quality land generally holds its value better than marginal land and tracts improved with irrigation and drainage systems appear are desirable features to most purchasers. Overall, farmers should be cautious but still consider and weigh opportunities as they come up.AUDIO: The Ohio Ag Net’s Ty Higgins visits with Badger about the current state of land values.Farm Credit Mid America Full Interview Dennis Badger 10.03.16For more financial tips, insights and perspectives from Farm Credit Mid-America visit e-farmcredit.com.last_img read more

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The Secrets of Successful Video Essays

first_imgIf you’re looking for some more examples, check out our post on Today’s Top Video Essay Creators.What are your favorite video essay channels? Share them in the comments below! Video essays are all the rage these days. If you’re interested as a creator or connoisseur, here are some of the secrets to creating successful video essays.Cover image via Every Frame a PaintingSome are beautiful and thought-provoking, while others seem like quickly assembled supercuts with little intentionality behind them. The popularity of “video essays” has been growing in the last few years. Film critics and bloggers like Matt Zoller Seitz, Tony Zhou, Jacob T. Swinney and Kevin B. Lee have built careers around their well-crafted video essays. By examining some of the industry’s best, let’s explore what makes a video essay stand out above the rest.Work With the Highest Quality FootageNoted video essayists Fernando Andrés and Jacob T. Swinney recently did a Reddit AMA where they answered some questions about their processes. As you would expect, a huge part of their workflow is spent on finding and uploading the highest quality footage. Unless you’re working with film reels, the highest quality available to an average consumer would be from DVDs (preferably Blu-ray). Keep an eye for director’s cuts or remastered versions that include restored 4k when possible.As Jacob T. Swinney points out, pulling footage from YouTube is also an option in a pinch, but is not as likely to be the highest quality. Vimeo is another resource to consider because of its quality. You can find lots of YouTube download plugins or websites. Here are a few:HexoticVideoGrabbyClipConverter.cc Make Music Choices That Play Into a ThemeKevin B. Lee, chief video essayist at Fandor, recently did an interesting experiment on how sound and music play into how video essays are perceived. When creating a video essay on Chantal Akerman’s documentary No Home Movie, Lee chose to highlight the film’s fragile banality by putting together a composition of the shots which show the quiet emptiness of the rooms featured in the film. To add a further dynamic to the piece, Lee originally opted to put in music behind the footage (Schubert’s Impromptu D. 899 Op. 90 No. 3) which played into the film’s theme.However, the video essay wasn’t quite as well received by all. Jonathan Miller, the president of Icarus Films (No Home Movie‘s distributor) took exception to Lee using music in an video essay on a film which purposefully draws power from its quietness and lack of soundtrack.I watched the essay and I was surprised because there was no commentary on it. It was five minutes of Chantal’s film put in a different order with this very sentimental music laid over it. I wasn’t sure what made it an essay. It was as if he (Lee) cut Chantal’s footage to make another film entirely. (via Filmmaker Magazine)Ultimately, Lee went back and created a new version with the music removed. However, he left both versions online as a way for the two videos to juxtapose how video essays can create emotions with their music choices (or lack thereof). You can watch the silent version below and read about Lee’s decision in his post here.(If you need music for your next epic video essay, don’t forget that PremiumBeat’s got some pretty fantastic royalty free options!)Structure Your Video Like a FilmTony Zhou’s Every Frame a Painting channel has become one of the most recognized names in the video essay genre for its educational and well-structured content. In his video essay below (aptly titled “How to Structure a Video Essay“), Zhou breaks down how he learned to structure his video essays by observing how filmmakers structure their films. (By the way, if you haven’t seen Orson Welles’ F For Fake , it may be the best film about faking a film about filmmaking.)Remember, video essays aren’t essays. They’re films. So you want to structure and pace them like a filmmaker would. Therefore and but. Meanwhile, back at the ranch. — Tony ZhouThe concepts Zhou presents are clearly more than little tricks for YouTube videos. They’re some of the basic tenants of storytelling and structure that apply to videos big and small. If you’re serious about creating content that has a flow and narrative arc to go along with interesting images, understanding concepts like “Therefore and but” and “Meanwhile, back at the ranch” is key.Consume, Consume, ConsumePerhaps one of the best ways to create successful video essays would be to watch as many as possible. The genre is pretty wide open in terms of different styles and definitions into what qualifies as a “video essay.”  There are several choices which you’ll have to make before you find the right one for you. However, if you can critically analyze what the different video essays are doing, you can find the distinctions that you find more worthwhile.Here’s a great look into the history of video essays and the many different elements therein.last_img read more

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The Philippines in the Southeast Asian Games

first_imgREAD: Athletes hurt most by SEA Games debacleBut the Philippines hasn’t always been in the bottom half of the 11-nation competition, where medals for at least 30 different team and individual sports are being disputed.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutWhen the country started sending athletes to the SEA Games in 1977, when this multi-sport event had just changed its name from Southeast Asian Peninsular Games, it immediately finished third in the medal race in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia behind Indonesia and Thailand.It was a golden age for sports for the Filipinos. From that year until 2003, the Philippines only failed to crack the top three in the medal race five out of the next 13 editions of the biggest sporting event in the region. Firework explose over the Quirino Grand Stand during the closing ceremony of the 23rd South East Asian Games in Manila, 05 December 2005. The Philippines won the overall title of the 23rd South East Asian Games with 113 gold medals. AFP PHOTO/PORNCHAI KITTIWONGSAKULWhen Manila hosted the SEA Games in 2005—a first since 1991—the Philippines got the chance to field in the biggest delegation yet with over 700 athletes and that yielded the country’s best finish ever at no. 1 with a 113-84-94 gold-silver-bronze medal haul.That, though, turned out to be the last the sport-loving Filipinos would taste the podium in the medal standings.READ: No stopping PH sports’ decline in SEA GamesWhat followed was a disheartening stretch in the history of Philippine Sports.Despite sending 620 athletes to Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand in the 2007 edition of the regional games, the Philippines shockingly dropped from first to sixth in a dismal showing with a 41-91-96 medal tally.ADVERTISEMENT Read Next LIST: Philippine delegation in 2017 Southeast Asian Games Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. View comments Flag bearers from the 11 ASEAN countries march during the opening ceremony of the biennial Southeast Asian Games in Singapore’s National Stadium on June 5, 2015. AFP PHOTO / ROSLAN RAHMANFor the last decade, the Philippines has been on a steady decline in the Southeast Asian Games.Once a frontrunner in the region’s biennial sporting meet, the Philippines has never finished higher than fifth place since topping the SEA Games in 2001 in Manila.ADVERTISEMENT This year’s Philippine team to Malaysia is hoping to finally change that.There will be 493 Filipino athletes who will be giving it all in the hopes of giving the country an improved standing in Kuala Lumpur, which is hosting the event for the sixth time.A representative for each sport for the 2017 Southeast Asian Games in Kuala Lumpur. Photo by Marc Reyes/INQUIRERThe Philippines has committed athletes to 37 sports with a target of at least 50 gold medals—which hasn’t been done since 2005. The country’s best medal haul in the last 10 years is at 41 in 2007.READ: PH ‘tired of being at the bottom’ in SEA GamesIt may remain a tall order to find a place at the top, but the Filipinos are fed up of being on the outside looking in in the competition they once dominated and that may be enough motivation to finally end the slump in the SEA Games. SEA Games in Calabarzon safe, secure – Solcom chief K-pop star Jung Joon-young convicted of gang rape, spycam crimescenter_img UPLB exempted from SEA Games class suspension LOOK: Venues for 2019 SEA Games Catriona Gray spends Thanksgiving by preparing meals for people with illnesses PH billiards team upbeat about gold medal chances in SEA Games PLAY LIST 03:07PH billiards team upbeat about gold medal chances in SEA Games02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games00:50Trending Articles01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students05:25PH boxing team determined to deliver gold medals for PH03:04Filipino athletes share their expectations for 2019 SEA Games00:45Onyok Velasco see bright future for PH boxing in Olympics02:25PH women’s volleyball team motivated to deliver in front of hometown crowd MOST READ LATEST STORIES Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH WATCH: Streetboys show off slick dance moves in Vhong Navarro’s wedding Since then, the size of the Philippine delegation has fluctuated from as low as 148 to as big as 512 athletes but the results remained disappointing.Athletes from the Philippines parade waving their national flag during the opening ceremony of the 25th Southeast Asian Games at the national stadium in Vientiane on December 9, 2009.  AFP PHOTO/Bay ISMOYOIt didn’t get any better for the country in 2009 in Vientiane, Laos. With just 153 Filipino athletes competing in 25 sports, they only garnered 38 gold, 35 silver and 51 bronze medals to wind up fifth overall.READ: Filipinos bungle SEA Games missionIn contrast, the Filipino delegation ballooned to 512 two years after in Jakarta, Indonesia but botched the goal to fare better and instead settled for sixth place with only 36 golds, 56 silvers and 77 bronzes.Philippines athletes parade during the opening ceremony of the 26th Southeast Asian Games in Palembang, Sumatra province on November 11, 2011. AFP PHOTO / ROSLAN RAHMANAnother lean PH delegation was sent to Naypyitaw, Myanmar in 2013 after Philippine sports officials  were irked by the host country’s cherry-picking of sports to be played–dropping main stream events and including obscure sports.READ: Philippines competes in Myanmar games despite rowUnsurprisingly, the Philippines wound up sixth among 11 nations with 29 gold, 36 silver and 66 bronze medals.The country’s place in the medal standings remained unchanged in the 2015 Singapore SEA Games despite packing a relatively-large group composed of 472 Filipino athletes.The Philippine delegation led by flag bearer Alyssa Valdez parade during the Opening Ceremony of the 28th SEA Games held at the Singapore National Stadium. INQUIRER PHOTO/RAFFY LERMAIt was a frustrating showing for the Filipinos, who only managed 29 gold, 36 silver, 66 bronze medals to fall far behind fifth placer Indonesia (47-61-74 G-S-B) in the medal count.READ: 28th SEA Games Singapore 2015 final Medal Tallylast_img read more

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a month agoMauricio Pochettino remains top of Real Madrid shortlist

first_imgMauricio Pochettino remains top of Real Madrid shortlistby Paul Vegasa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveMauricio Pochettino remains Real Madrid’s number one target, should they part ways with Zinedine Zidane.World Cup winner Zidane is already under pressure to keep his job after re-joining the club towards the end of last season.It is not clear whether Pochettino wants to leave Spurs, considering he signed a five-year contract extension in 2018.But the Mirror says Real will be ready to pounce if the Argentine hints at wanting to leave North London.Los Blancos are convinced of Pochettino’s pedigree after he guided Spurs to the Champions League final last season.Some reports have suggested Pochettino is frustrated with Spurs after last summer’s transfer window. TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

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